Go to National Library of New Zealand Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa Go to Te Ao Hou homepage
No. 70 (1972)
– 2 –

HAERE KI O
KOUTOU TIPUNA

Rangitiaria Dennan, M.B.E.

The passing of Guide Rangi was truly the end of an era. The tributes which poured into her home from hundreds in New Zealand and overseas, when they heard of her death, showed again how much her name was linked with Whakarewarewa.

Born at Rotorua in 1897, Guide Rangi was educated at Hukarere College, shining at athletics and being dux of the school. Ill-health frustrated her attempts to make careers first of teaching and then nursing, and she turned to guiding. For 45 years she led people through Whaka, and those whose interest was genuine, famous or lowly, were also shown her personal carved treasures in the carved house built for her by her grandfather, master carver Tene Waitere. She received many honours, but always regarded them more as a tribute to her race than to herself. After her retirement in 1966, she worked on an autobiography, published in 1968.

She was buried at Whakarewarewa beside her husband Te Aonui Dennan, who died in 1942, beneath the memorial to her husband's mother, Maggie Papakura, another famous guide.

Rt Rev. Wiremu Panapa, C.B.E.

A much-loved leader, Wiremu Netana Panapa, was laid to rest at St James' Church, Mangere, after services at Mangere Marae, and a packed St Mary's Cathedral, Parnell. The Anglican Bishop of New Zealand, the Most Rev. N. Lesser, paid tribute to a ‘man of the people’ who had received high honours during his life and who had passed to a far greater honour.

Hundreds had paid tribute to Bishop Panapa, who had been Bishop of Aotearoa from 1951 until 1968, when he retired because of ill-health. Born at Dargaville, of the Ngati Whatua tribe, he was educated at St Stephen's School, Te Rau Theological College at Gisborne, and St John's College, Auckland. He was ordained a deacon in 1921, a priest in 1923 and served in the Maori Mission at Te Kuiti until 1926 and at Kaikohe until 1932. For ten years he served as Auckland Diocesan Maori Missioner, and became first chaplain to the Maori Battalion in 1940, remaining an Army chaplain until 1944, when he was appointed vicar at Ohinemutu. He became vicar of Taupo in 1948, and from there joined the Bishop of Waipu as Bishop of Aotearoa in 1951.

Bishop Panapa worked quietly, establishing and strengthening branches of the Mothers' Union in Maori communities, and encouraging his people to deal themselves with the questions that faced them, though on occasions he would preach very forcefully.

He and the late Mrs Panapa had four sons and three daughters.

Jack Ormond

Mr Jack Ormond, former MP for Eastern Maori, died in Napier Hospital aged 78. Born at Mahia, Mr Ormond was educated at Christ's College, Christchurch, and served with the Maori Pioneer Battalion in the First World War, rising to the rank of lieutenant. On his return to New Zealand, Mr Ormond farmed at Kinikini on the Mahia Peninsula.

He joined the Ratana movement and was elected to Parliament in 1946, holding the seat for Labour until his retirement 20 years later.

Mr Ormond was also well-known as a rugby player. He was a member of the Maori Pioneer Battalion team which toured France and England after the First World War, represented New Zealand against. New South Wales in 1923, and was a member of the Hawke's Bay team during its first Ranfurly Shield heydays.

In recent years, Mr Ormond has lived in semi-retirement at Mokotahi, Mahia Beach. His wife died some years ago, and he is

– 3 –

survived by twin son and daughter, Derek, and Mrs Mori Blake. His body lay on Taihoa marae, Wairoa, and Kaiuku marae at Mahia, where he was buried.

Rawinia Taitumu

Described as a ‘living link between generations’. Mrs Taitumu died at Orakei at the age of about 120 years. She was born at Te Kohanga, near Tuakau, and lived much of her life in the Helensville district. Her recollections about Helensville and the arrival of the pioneers, John and Isaac MacLeod and their wives, indicated her great age. Mrs Taitimu could recall the MacLeods, who arrived in 1862, especially Janet, Isaac's wife, and their two-year-old son Andrew. She described the nikau palm whares the Maoris built for the MacLeods, and was a friend to many generations of the family.

Mrs Taitumu was buried in a special area at Orakei reserved for the descendents of a former paramount chief of Tamaki—she was a foster mother to many of his descendants.

Te Hare Piahana

One of New Zealand's foremost chiefs, Te Hare Piahana was buried at Tauranga after hundreds had come to his tangi at Judea marae. Among those who came was Dame Te Atairangikaahu and a large group from Waikato. Mr Piahana was a staunch supporter of the King Movement, and was a first cousin to Dr Maharaia Winiata, the noted Maori scholar, whose memorial is at Judea marae.

Mr Piahana was chief of the Ngati Ranginui tribe, and had represented the Maori people on many occasions, notably being a spokesman when Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth visited Waitangi in 1963. He also welcomed many dignitaries to Tauranga, and was noted for his friendliness and common sense.

Paraire Herewini

The hundreds who attended the tangi at Ngaruawahia for Mr Paraire Herewini made it the largest since the death of King Koroki four years before. Almost 90 years old, Mr Herewini was a nephew of the great Waikato leader Major Te Wheoro. One of his first major responsibilities for the King Movement was as printer for the Maori King's proclamations, Te Paki-O-Matariki, from the turn of the century until 1926.

Over the last 30 years he had travelled extensively on behalf of the King Movement, being major spokesman for the late King Koroki and Te Arikinui Te Atairangikaahu. Over this period, he was also a member of the King's Council. He has lived for the last 20 years at Ngaruawahia.

Canon Wi Huata, who conducted the service said that Mr Herewini, like the late King Koroki, was a man of deep humility. He was meek, strong and courageous, and a very direct person, especially in times of trouble.

Mr Herewini, who is survived by two sons and four daughters, was buried with his ancestors on Taupiri mountain. Throughout the marae service, the hymns were led by the Taniwharau Silver band, which had been trained by Mr Herewini.

Mama Hepi

Mama Hepi, Kawhia's ‘grand old lady’, loved and respected by all, was buried on the hill overlooking Maketu Pa, after her death in Waikato hospital, aged 80. She was the daughter of Kumeti Toihau, and was an active supporter of the Maori King Movement. She and her family donated the land on which Maketu Pa now stands, and many of the mats in the house were the result of her expertise in weaving.

Although twice married, Mrs Hepi had no children of her own, but was foster mother to at least eight children, the last one living with her until she died. It was her great love of children that earned her the name ‘Mama’, and this is how her coffin was inscribed, as it is said that no-one knew her true christian name. The service was conducted by Rev. Dave Manihera.

Roka Te Arihi

Mrs Te Arihi died at Matakana Island, aged 82. A well-known identity and elder of the Bay of Plenty, Mrs Te Arihi was the last of the family of Huhana and Hona Wikiriwhi of Ngatiawa, Whakatane. She lived for most of her life on Matakana Island on her marriage to Te Heke Te Arihi, who predeceased her by 18 years.

A staunch member of the Ratana church, who regularly attended annual meetings and

– 4 –

conventions until her death; she is also remembered for her attendances at gatherings and tangis in the Bay of Plenty area, and for her interest in the preservation of Maori culture. She is survived by her three sons, four daughters, 39 grandchildren and many great-grandchildren. Two children predeceased her.

Tuhaka Kapua

One of New Zealand's prominent Maori carvers, Mr Tuhaka Kapua, died in Rotorua, where he had spent his whole life as a carver, apart from three years with the Department of Maori Affairs. He learned the art from his father, the skilled and respected Tamatekapua Te Raihi, who had also been taught by his father. The family belonged to the Ngati Whakaue tribe.

Perhaps the most notable of Mr Kapua's work adorns the famous Tamatekapua meeting house at Ohinemutu. Mr Kapua and his father worked on several of the panels when the building was enlarged. His work has been given to Royalty, exhibited at the New York World's Fair, the Golden Gate Exposition and the South African Exhibition.

Mr Kapua taught carving at the Rotorua Boys' High School, to young and old in day and evening sessions. Two of his five sons are proficient carvers, and Tony will carry on his father's business in the workshop near the famed Ohinemutu. He is survived by his widow, five sons, three daughters and 19 grandchildren.

Ngaronui Jones

The death occurred at Taumarunui in February of a prominent King Country farmer, Mr Ngaronui David (Juicy) Jones, aged 68. Mr Jones was one of the earliest members of the Farmer's Union in the King Country, before the organisation changed its name to Federated Farmers. He was president of the Waimiha branch for 20 years, and was a member of the Auckland provincial executive for 10 years, being the first Maori to become an executive member. He was awarded a distinguished service medal by the federation in recognition of his long and meritorious service.

In the mid-1930s, Mr Jones managed the Waimiha farm scheme, one of the first Maori land development blocks in New Zealand under a scheme inaugurated by the late Sir Apirana Ngata. He later purchased a farm on family ancestral lands at Waimiha, which he developed to a high standard, at the same time taking an active interest in a family logging business.

Mr Jones was the third in a family of five brothers and a sister. His eldest brother, Mr Michael Rotohiko Jones, was for many years secretary to successive Ministers of Maori Affairs, and another, Dr Pei Te Hurinui Jones, is President of the New Zealand Maori Council and is a noted Maori Scholar, holding an honorary degree from the University of Waikato. Another brother, Mr Tori Jones, has been a noted sportsman, excelling at chopping and golf, and still holds the world record time for chopping a 15-inch block. A younger brother, the late Wally Jones was a Champion Maori golfer and also held the world record for the 12-inch standing chop. There is one sister, Mrs Ngahina Chadwick of Mangere.

Mr Jones was King Country Tennis Champion, and also excelled at rugby as a fullback. During the war, after serving in the Great Barrier Islands, he became a recruiting officer for both the army and for labour to staff industries. He was a member of Ngati Hauaroa and Ngati Maniapoto tribes.

E. R. Clark

Warren Stephens

The last of the old generation of Maoris in the Motueka district, Warena Reuben Tiwini, died at the age of 91. A hop and small fruit grower for most of his life. Mr Stephens was a much respected member of the local Maori community.

He was a warden for many years of Te Ahurewa Maori Church in Motueka, a trustee member of Whakarewa Home, and until his 70s, a Maori representative on the Nelson Diocesan Synod.

Robert How

Robert died as the result of an accident, and his aunt, Norine Standish, has sent us this poem in his memory. Robert's grandfather, Dr G. H. How, was honoured by Ngati Raukawa in recognition of his service to the Maori community during the post-Great War epidemic, when he did not lose a single patient; and his father, who is connected with Te Arawa, serves the Maori Council in Auckland.

– 5 –

Robert

He was beautiful
Vibrant
And so very young.
Too few years marked the shadow
Of his passing.
So few…
His place is empty
Never to be filled by any other:
The gap
Remains a barren space
A desolate void
Without warmth.
In mists of memory, he lives
Enshrined.
In dim seclusion, he lies
Tenderly cradled
By the gentle hand of the Infinite.
Blessed
Forever.

Alice Bennett

Mother of one of the best known Maori families in New Zealand. Mrs Alice Rangioue Bennett died in Rotorua aged 83. She was the wife of the first Bishop of Aotearoa, the late Rev. F. A. Bennett. One of her 11 sons, the Rt Rev. Manu Bennett, is the third Bishop of Aotearoa.

Mrs Bennett was born in Okere, and married the Rev. Bennett, then a widower with five children, in 1911. She was the daughter of Hemana Ponika, paramount Arawa chief. Many of her sons have distinguished themselves in public life, and she was held in high esteem by all of them. There were also two daughters, and Mrs Bennett is survived by 70 grandchildren and more than 20 great-granchildren.

Wiremu Te Awe Awe

Known to thousands of dance hall patrons as Billy Larkins, Wiremu Kingi Te Awe Awe was remembered by many of them when they attended his tangi at Rangiotu, where he was buried on a small hill near the meeting house Rangimarie.

He was interested in music at a very early age, and continued his playing when at Te Aute College, receiving his first professional engagement only two months after leaving school. He led several orchestras during his long life, and used his talent as organist at the Anglican church at Rangiotu, and also with the Masonic Lodge, where he became Grand Organist.

A grandson of Wiremu Kingi Te Awe Awe, a chief who worked hard for the peaceful settlement of the Manawatu two generations ago, Mr Larkins took his place as speechmaker at Maori ceremonies, and was to have been one of the speakers welcoming Dame Te Ata to Palmerston North's Waitangi Day celebrations. He is survived by his wife and eight children.