RANGATAUA FARMERS' CLUB
(Continued from page 29)
Some of the members are participants in a unique experiment under the Maori Affairs Department to place young Maoris on developed land after a term on a farm school. Three returned men, Messrs Bryan, Hayward and Milroys, after a term of training on the Maungarangi Farm School, have been settled on dairy farms cut out of that block, and are among the keen members. Two other members, Messrs T. Cairns and B. Te Kani, are participants in yet another experimental settlement scheme. They have been nominated by the owners to sttle on and farm an aggregation of small, uneconomic Maori holdings on the Kaitemako block. They, also, have grasped the opportunity of help offered by the Young Farmers' movement.
As businessmen, the young farmers are also meticulous in the records they keep. All those facts, figures and dates necessary for running a farm smoothly are entered in diaries; production figures, dairy returns, herd tests, management and overhead costs are all entered into appropriate books and files, so that all have a pretty fair idea of what it costs to produce a given quantity. In fact, they realise they are businessmen as much as farmers and, as such, must be able at any given time to analyse capital accounts, as well as to find the balance of working costs in their income and expenses account.
Meet these young farmers, and you realise you are in contact with men who are determined to ‘go places’. It was my privilege recently to hear them take part in a debate with a neighbouring Y.F.C. Their knowledge of the subject they were debating and their facility in the use of the English language would put many a pakeha to shame. They were a treat to listen to. And the thought came to me as I listened to them that their attack and handling of the debate were in keeping with the way they handle their own farms—a practical, commonsense manner, determined as they were from the outset that nothing but their best was good enough.
|1||Aims & Purposes of Y.F.C.|
|2||General Pasture Management.|
|3||General Pasture Management.|
Try These Tested Recipes
Make a Custard with—
|1½||Breakfast Cups Milk|
|1||Heaped Tablespoon Edmonds Custard
Set aside to cool. Whip ¼ pint cream and fold into cold custard. Whip again and freeze. When half frozen remove from the tray and beat again. Return to refrigerator and freeze.
(For Sponges and Cakes)
|1||packet Edmonds Jelly Crystals (any flavour)|
|¼||pint hot water|
|½||Breakfast Cup unsweetened condensed milk|
Dissolve jelly crystals in the water and leave to cool, then add condensed milk. Beat until mixture thickens. Sufficient for two 8 inch sponges.
4 Cups flour 1 teaspoon salt
Small cold boiled potato
Milk, or milk and water ½ teaspoon sugar
2 Raised Teaspoons Edmonds Baking Powder (Sure-to-Rise or Acto)
Sift together flour, sugar, salt and baking powder, then rub in potato. Add sufficient liquid (about a pint) to make a soft and smooth dough. Mix quickly, put at once into a greased tin ¾ full, smooth top with a knife dipped in melted butter, and bake immediately about ¾ to 1 hour in a hot oven (400 deg. F.). Cover over with paper for first 10 or 15 minutes to prevent crusting too soon. When done, take from tin and wrap in a bread cloth until cold.
As above, and Seed and Topdressing Mixtures.
Pasture Renovation, Gorse, Blackberry Eradication.
Administration of a Dairy Factory; Flavours to Eradicate. All the above lectures by A. V. Allo, Department Agriculture, Tauranga Supervisor.
Veg. Cropping in Tauranga. R. Falconer, Horticulturist, Maori Affairs.
Rating of Maori Land, Tauranga County. Ross Carter.
Calves, Gestation Period. Mr Cook, Vet. Surgeon.
Spring Feeding of Stock; Electric Subdivision. Mr Allo.
Dairy Farm Management in Tauranga. Mr Lauder, Farmer.
A Study of Pig Carcasses. J. Kenyon, Pig buyer.
Resume of Current Production in Wai Auki Maori Land District. Mr Falconer, Maori Affairs Department.
Club Discussion of Farm School on Maungarangi.
Y.F.C. Baconer and Pork Competition. R. Woogue, Te Puke farmer, overseas trip.
Hormone Weedkillers. Mr Allo.
Maori History. Mr Merohia, Senior Adviser.
Methods used by Maori Affairs Dept. in Breaking in Virgin Scrub Country. Mr Cram, Supervisor, Maori Land Board.
Propagating Young Fruit Trees. R. Falconer, Maori Affairs Department.
Activities of Welcome Bay Y.F.C. O. Sorrenson, Member Y.F.C.
Films: (1) Efficient Milking Machines; (2) Milking Time. E. H. Mandeno, Consulting Officer, B.P., N.Z. Dairy Board.
Farming Conditions in Oklahoma, U.S.A. I. Smith, Farmer, Oropi.
History of Dairy Industry. Mr Mandeno.
Rearing of Calves. B. Cook, Vet. Surgeon, Tauranga.
Selection of Ideal Dairy Cow. T. Te Kani, Member.
Ensilage Making. Mr Allo.
Proposed Sub-division of Idle Maori Lands into 10-Acre Blocks for Market Gardening. R. Falconer.
Rating of Maori Lands. I. Tangitu, Welfare Officer.
Farming in Ohaniti. J. W. Rowe, Farmer.
Diseases of Sheep. B. Cook, Vet. Surgeon.
Cattle Breeding. K. Bennett, Jersey stud proprietor.
Impromptu Speeches from Members on Farming Affairs. Members.
Films: Silage Making, featuring the Bushrake. Mr Mandeno.
Seed Certification. Mr Allo.
Film: Whakatane Pig Show. A. F. Barwell.
Artificial Insemination. Mr Mandeno.
Hormones and Weed Control. Mr Bloxham.
Debate: Necessity for Growing Supplementary Summer Feeding.
Rules of Y.F.C. Debates. Mr J. Wright, Y.F.C. member, Ohauiti.
Care of Livestock in Winter. Mr McKenzie, Stock Inspector.
Debate, under rules of Y.F.C.
(a) Copper Deficiency. (b) Calf Rearing. (c) Stock Diseases. B. R. Cook, Veterinarian.