The mwwl, at their last annual conference, passed a remit asking the Minister of Health for more health education for the Maori people. The Health Department has offered this article to Te Ao Hou as the first of a series designed to give basic information on health matters to our readers. Te Ao Hou will be glad to answer any questions on health which readers may wish to ask.
KO TE MATE KOHI
Ko Te Neehi Mo Tou Tohe:
E 475 nga turoro hou o te Mate Kohi i te tau 1951, e 476 i 1949 a e 412 i 1947.
E tata ana ki te toru mano o te iwi Maori kei te pangia e te Mate Kohi a kaore i te heke taua tokomaha.
O tera tau 129 nga Maori i hemo he Kohi te mate, a tera ano e pera i tenei tau.
Me pehea ra e taea ai e koutou ko te Neehi mo to koutou na rohe te arai te Mate Kohi e patu nei i te iwi Maori.
TUATAHI: Ko o koutou kainga. Kia noho ma tonu o koutou kainga i nga wa katoa a me whakapuare nga wini i te po i te ao. He haraki no te ngarara o te Mate Kohi te hau ora me te ra a ka tere tonu te matemate. Mehemea no te hunga kei runga i te waimarie e noho ana ara he whare hou o koutou he hanga noaiho taku i ki ake ra me waiho nga wini kia puare ana—otira tera ano etahi noho pa tonu ai o ratou na wini. A mehemea ranei he whare tawhito o koutou tera ano nga whakarawe e noho ma ai o koutou whare—me tahi te papa ahakoa kei te papa oneone tonu—me whariki nga kapata ki te pukapuka ma, a me waiho nga tatau me nga wini kia puare ana i nga rangi atahua.
Mehemea he papa rakau noa to o koutou whare me ruirui taua papa ki te wai rau ti ka tahitahi ai ara ia i muri mai o te haerenga o au manuhiri kia kore ai e tutu te puehu. Kia mau mahara hoki he puiaki no te Mate te puehu me te paru. He mea pai hoki me mau nga moenga me nga kakahu moe ki waho kia whitikia e te ra kia puhipuhia e te hau.
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Ko te mea tuarua ko a koutou kai. He whare mo te Mate Kohi te tinana hiroki na reira me kai i nga kai e pakari ai te tinana i te riwai, i te miiti, i te puha a i nga kai moana hoki kaua nga kai pakeha penei i te pai miiti i te waireka i te aha noa a te tamariki ana kai kaingakau.
KO TE MIRAKA: Ko ianei tetahi o nga tino kai mo te whakapakari i te tinana o te tangata. E inu miraka ana a koutou tamariki i nga kura kaua e mutu mai i reira engari me whangai ano ki te miraka i te kainga. Ko te miraka hou tonu o te kau te mea pai, ki te kore hoki e whiwhi ki tenei me inu ko te miraka tiini, miraka maroke ranei. Ko te kiriimi me te miraka maroke kei te noho toitu tonu ona painga.
KO NGA KAKAHU: Hei te kakahu wuru kakahu mahana i te makariri a hei te kakahu mama mo te raumati. Kaua e penei me taipua nga kakahu mama kia mahana ai. He mahana ke atu te hate wuuru kotahi i te taipua kia toru rawa nga hate mama.
KO TE MOE: He tino mea te pai me te reka o te moe i te po engari kaua e tokomaha
rawa ki te moenga kotahi. Ki te taea me moenga mo te tangata kotahi kia kore ai e hemanawa i te tokomaha rewa ki roto i te moenga kotahi.
Kia 7 ki te 8 haora moe ma te pakeke i ia po a kia neke atu ma te tamariki. Ko nga tamariki tekau tau te pakeke me moe mo te tekau ma tahi haora a ko nga tamariki e ono tau te pakeke me 14 haora e moe ana ia ra. E whakamahia ana te tinana o te tangata i te wa e oho ana, a kia moe ka whakanga.
Ka mutu ra mo tenei wa kia mau ki enei tohutohu.
YOU AND TUBERCULOSIS
In 1951 there were 475 new cases of tuberculosis of the chest, in 1949 there were 476 new cases, in 1947 there were 412.
These are all new cases, and altogether we have nearly three thousand Maori people with ‘Tb. chests’ at the present time. From year to year the number has not altered very much.
Last year 129 Maoris died from Tb. of the chest. This year it will probably be about the same number.
How can you and your district health nurse help to stop Tb. amongst the Maori people?
First—your home: Keep it clean and tidy, and have the windows open day and night. The germ that causes Tb. does not like fresh air and sunlight, and quickly dies when exposed to them. If you are lucky and have a nice new home this should be easy, although it is surprising how many new houses do not have their windows open very much. If you still have an old-fashioned whare, even if the floor is mud, you can still keep it clean and the mud floor firm and hard and covered with clean mats, with your boxes, shelves and cupboards lined with clean newspaper, and the door and window open whenever it is fine.
If your floor is wood it is a good idea to sprinkle it with damp tea-leaves before sweeping it — especially after you have had a lot of visitors, and it has got pretty dirty and dusty — so that the dust will not fly around while you are sweeping.
Remember, Tb. germs like dust and dirt. You are all very good at putting your beds out in the sun — it helps a lot, so keep it up.
Now your food: Tb. germs are more likely to live in a weak body than in a strong, healthy one. So make your bodies strong and resistant to Tb. by eating good meals, with old-fashioned foods such as potatoes, kumeras, puha and vegetables, meat, eggs, fish, shellfish and sea-foods, and bread, instead of pies and fish and chips, biscuits and fizzy drinks. Keep these last ones for huis and parties, but the first-named foods should be your everyday diet.
MILK: Don't forget it is one of the best body and bone building foods we have. Your children all get some at school, but you should give them some at home, too. Fresh cow's milk if you can get it, and if you live a long way from a fresh milk supply, then you should buy it in a tin. Dried full-cream milk or evaporated milk are best. Condensed milk is, I know, a favourite with you, but keep it for special occasions—it has so much sweetening in it that it is not so good as the other forms, which are pure milk with some or all of the water taken out.
CLOTHING: In winter, warm woollen clothes; in summer, light cotton garments, NOT lots of light cotton ones put together to make more for the winter. That is really not a very warm way of clothing. One woollen shirt is much warmer than two or three cotton ones together.
SLEEP: You need a good long sleep every night in a comfortable bed, and with not too many sharing a bed. A bed for each member of the house is best if you can manage it. This allows everyone to get as much fresh air as they need, without having to use up each other's air as it is breathed out.
Grown-ups need at least 7 to 8 hours' sleep every night, and children more. A child of 10 needs about 11 hours, and one of 6 needs 14 hours every day. The whole time people are awake their bodies are working hard. They are seeing, hearing, thinking and doing things, but while they are asleep their bodies get a chance to pick up. There is no thinking, seeing, doing and hearing going on. The whole body can relax and re-fuel, ready for work the next day.
Those are all the things you yourselves can do so that you and your children will have strong, healthy bodies that can fight off Tb.
You have already heard about these things before, at school and over the radio, and you have, I am sure, read about them—it is up to you to do them.
The Department of Health publishes a quarterly ‘Health’ which is sent free to all groups and individuals who ask for it. Anyone writing in to The Editor, Health, P.O. Box 5013, Wellington, C.I, is put on the mailing list. The magazine is recommended to readers of Te Ao Hou. If it was read more in Maori homes, no doubt Maori health would benefit.
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